Safety Data Sheet
Section 1 – Product Identification
Material Identity: Switchgrass
Section 2 – Composition/Ingredients
Weight (%) Component CAS Registry No.
100 Switchgrass Straw None
Section 3 – Hazards Identification
HMIS Hazard Ratings:
Health: 1 Flammability: 1 Chemical Reactivity: 0
NFPA Hazard Ratings:
Health: 1 Flammability: 1 Chemical Reactivity: 0
Section 4 – First Aid Measures
Ingestion: Not applicable under normal use.
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If persistent irritation, severe coughing, breathing difficulties occur, seek medical advice before returning to work where Switchgrass pellets/dust are present.
Eyes: Flush with water to remove debris/dust particles. If irritation occurs, seek medical attention.
Skin: If a rash or persistent irritation or dermatitis occur, seek medical advice before returning to work where Switchgrass pellets/dust are present.
Section 5 – Fire Fighting Measures
Flash Point: N.A. – Combustible solid
LEL: Not available UEL: Not available
Extinguishing Media: Water, CO2, sand
Unusual fire or explosion hazards: Dust is a strong to severe explosion hazard if a dust ‘cloud’ contacts an ignition source. Explosive limits in air: 40 mg/m3 (LEL).
Section 6 – Accidental Release Measures
Sweep or scoop and place in disposal container. May be disposed of as a nonhazardous waste.
Section 7 – Handling and Storage
Store in a cool, dry place with adequate ventilation. Keep away from ignition sources.
Section 8 – Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Particulates not otherwise classified; ACGIH TLV-TWA = 5 mg/m3
OSAH PEL – TWA = 15 mg/m3 (total dust) 5.0 mg/m3 (reparable fraction)
NOTE: Data are for wood dust.
Section 8 – Exposure Controls/Personal Protection (continued)
Use good ventilation – typically 10 air changes per hour.
Wear safety glasses with side shields.
Other protective equipment, such as gloves and approved dust respirators, may be needed depending on dust conditions.
Section 9 – Physical and Chemical Properties
Boiling Point N.A.
Vapor Pressure N.A.
Vapor Density N.A.
Solubility in Water Insoluble
Appearance and Odor Tan, slight straw odor
Bulk Density 40 lbs./ft3
Melting Point N.A.
Evaporation Rate N.A.
Section 10 – Stability and Reactivity
Incompatibility: May react with strong oxidizers
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur
Conditions to Avoid: Avoid continuous exposure of material to temperatures in excess of 400° F (204° C).
Section 11 – Toxicological Information
Carcinogenic: Wood dust is classified as a Class 1 human carcinogen. Lacking additional data, switchgrass dust should be regarded as a similar hazard.
Section 12 – Ecological Background
Switchgrass is a perennial prairie grass native to North America east of the Rocky Mountains. It is under cultivation for conservation purposes, seed propagation, forage, wildlife habitat, biomass energy, and other potential industrial uses.
Section 13 – Disposal Considerations
May be disposed of as nonhazardous waste if not contaminated.
Section 14 – Transportation Information
May be shipped normally as nonhazardous material.
Section 15 – Regulatory Information
Big Switch™ installed as a PA Department of Environmental Protection highly qualified/exceptionally valued erosion/filtration measure on an Independence Excavating PennDOT project in Kittanning, Pa.
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Beg Group LLC Principal Jay Elkin working with Riaz Kahn of Jacobs Engineering at the Royal Dutch Shell Franklin Cracker Plant in Monaca, Pa. in August of 2016 where our Big Switch™ Erosion/Filtration Medium was installed. Big Switch™ worked so well more product was order March of 2017.
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